Infants and Toddlers: Ages 0 - 2
An infant's brain triples in volume in the first two years of life. In order for children's brains to develop in the best possible way, child care providers, parents and teachers should focus on encouraging these three activities:
So how do media fit into these needs of infants and toddlers?
Television and Movies
Since 1999 the American Academy of Pediatrics has specifically recommended that children not be exposed to any screen media exposure before the age of 2. Despite a great deal of controversy, many experts support the AAP recommendation based on the research to date.
A few studies have suggested that television viewing before age two may be harmful to children’s development. One study showed that when children were in a room with toys, they played less with the toys when an adult television show was on in the background (see this study). In other studies, the amount of television children watched at home predicted lower IQ scores and reduced language skills.
However, one recent study found that watching educational children's programs like Dora the Explorer, Arthur, and Blue’s Clues was related to better language development (see this study).
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